Cannabis Varieties

There are three main distinct plant cannabis varieties: sativa, indica and ruderalis.  Hybrid species (cross between sativa and indica) are also produced and sold in many dispensaries which offer a fantastic combination of the two different benefits and effects each strain offers.

Generally speaking, Cannabis Sativa offers a more energizing experience where Cannabis Indica offers more of a deep body relaxation.

Let’s dive a bit deeper.


Physical Characteristics

Growing tall and thin with narrow leaves, this varietal is distinguished by their structure as well as their light green color. Sativas mature at a slower pace and require a great deal of sunlight.


Discovered in Europe and western Eurasia, sativa was harvested primarily for its fiber and seeds for clothing, paper, rope, etc.

Today, this varietal is used industrially, medically and recreationally.


Offering energizing properties, sativas are primarily utilized during the day-time as the mind and body complete relaxation factor isn’t as prominent as the indica varietal offers. Sativas include a higher CBD (cannabidiol) and lowerTHC (tetrahydrocannabinol) count. Some of the noted benefits from this strand are:

Increases Sense of Well-Being, Focused, Creativity
Reduces Depression by way of Increased Serotonin
Relieves Headaches & Migraines
Decrease Nausea
Increases Appetite

Side effects can include: increased anxiety or paranoia.

Physical Characteristics

These plants are characterized by their short in stature, bushiness and wide leaves. They grow quite quickly, more so than sativas and yield more flowers from each plant.

Discovered in India, indicas were cultivated for their seeds, fiber and psychoactive properties for hashish production.

Traditionally, medicine produced from these plants have a higher THC count with a lower CBD.

Indicas tend to offer a deep relaxing effect on the body and mind. Many individuals prefer consumption for night and evening hours as a result. Some of the noted benefits from this strand are:

Relaxation & Stress Reduction
Relaxes Muscles & Spasms
Reduces Pain & Inflammation
Relieves Headaches & Migraines
Helps Sleep or Insomnia
Reduces Anxiety
Reduces Nausea
Reduces Seizures

Side effects may include: tiredness and or “fuzzy” thinking.

Physical Characteristics

These plants are characterized by their short and stalky stature. They are known to grow “weedy” meaning fairly shaggy and rugged with a light green hue. Typically ruderalises don’t grow taller than 2.5 feet tall. 


Originating from Central Russia, ruderalis can also be found in Central Eastern Europe. It was discovered in 1924 by Russian botanist, D.E. Janischewsky. 


Ruderalis is known for its low THC levels and higher CBD counts. 

Traditionally, this variety is not sought after for recreational use, but rather medicinal. Many hybrid strains of cannabis are influenced by ruderalis.  

Due to the low level of THC, ruderalis is not known for is psychoactive properties but rather solely it’s health benefits associated with CBD.  Some of the noted benefits are: 

Pain Management
Reduces Depression
Helps Sleep or Insomnia
Reduces Anxiety
Reduces Nausea
Kills Cancer Cells

Side effects may include: nausea, tiredness

Choosing the Right Varietal 
When purchasing a specific variety of cannabis, typically you will come across sativas, indicas or hybrids. It is rare to find the ruderalis variety marked for distribution as it’s mostly used in hybrids as well as for medical use. 

Each person will respond a bit differently to either a sativa, indica. The effects and benefits are dependent on an individuals’ biological make-up, tolerance, dosage, consumption method and the specific product chemical profile. 

When selecting your strain of plant varietal (indica or sativa); it should also be paired with the knowledge of how much THC or CBD content the product of choice includes; as these two compounds are the main drivers in body effects. Knowing a bit about what each of these will offer your body will finite tune the selection choice.  

This information should steer you into the right direction when faced numerous choices at your local dispensary. Get your geek on and study up on what makes you your best self.  




10 Fast Facts About Cannabis You May Not Know

Get in the know. The know of NOW.

Cannabis has made quite a sweep of acceptance in the last few years. From recreational legality to medical usage, marijuana has found its place in many people’s lives.

There are a ton o health benefits tied within this plant which one reason the popularity is soaring!

Here are 10 Fast Facts about cannabis you may not know.

  1. Medical Marijuana was Approved in 2003

In 2003, Canada was the first documented country to allow medical marijuana to treat patients for pain.

Can you believe that was already 17 years ago?

  1. Street Names A-Plenty, Try Over 200 of Them!

Cannabis has well over 200 slang terms. Here are just a few:
Plant Based Names: Grass, Weed, Broccoli
You’re Old Friend Names: Mary Jane, Bud, Burnie
Cultural Terms: Kif, Mota, Ganja, Dagga
Location-Based: Northern Lights, Maui Wowie
Pretty Direct: Joint, Blunt, Reefer
Smell: Skunk, Stinkweed

  1. Marijuana Can Kill Cancer Cells

Cannabis and their compounds have been proven to “turn off” the ID-1 gene (this gene causes cancer to spread), as reported by Pierre Desprez, a molecular biologist.

  1. Chocolate & Marijuana Share a Commonality

Anandamide, also known as the “bliss molecule” is a naturally occurring neurotransmitter within the body that plays a role in pain, depression, appetite, and more.
Chocolate contains a substance called theobromine which stimulates the brain to produce more anandamide, ultimately raising mood levels.
Guess what else can bind to anandamide? Yes, you’ve got it, CBD and THC!

  1. Cannabis Is Also for Pets

Yes, you read that correctly. Cannabis’ health benefits don’t only apply to us as humans, they also show extreme benefits to your animal besties too.

From aiding in arthritis and pain management, cannabis has also shown to decrease seizures, nausea, anxiety and gastrointestinal issues. If we’re honest, we could go on for days about the benes!

  1. Men and Women ARE Different When it Comes to Marijuana

Females have been proven to develop a tolerance to THC quicker than males but are much more sensitive to the pain-relieving properties.

As for those munchies? Men seem to take the cake…in every sense of the phrase.

  1. Cannabis and Hops Share Family Ties

The cannabis plant as well as hops (found in beer) are related. They both share many of the same terpenes (compounds).

That’s why that beer you are drinking can have that skunky smell as does cannabis. We talk stunk in the best stink way possible, of course.

  1. CBD Won’t Get You High

Cannabidiol or CBD, one of the compounds found in cannabis will not get you “high.” The psychoactive compound that will alter states of mind is that of THC or tetrahydrocannabinol.

  1. Holding It In Longer Does Not = Getting More High

When smoking marijuana, holding it in longer does not get you more high, contrary to what you may have thought.

The lungs absorb the phytocannabinoids instantly and by you holding your breath while doing so has no effect.

You may feel “higher” for a moment, but that’s simply because your brain is depleted from oxygen while holding your breath…so…uhhh, don’t do that.

  1. Colorado Has Over 500 Dispensaries

Colorado is a decent size state, yes, but 520+ dispensaries! WOW!

This US state surpasses all other states with the number of facilities owned and operated.

This is almost three times the number of Starbucks. What else can we say besides…cannabis over coffee.